Assessing Dyslexia

Auditory Working Memory - Why do we test for this?
Deficits in Auditory Working Memory can affect one's ability to accurately store or act on discrete information that is heard. For example, deficits in this area can make it difficult to follow verbal directions accurately and fully.

Visual Working Memory - Why do we test for this?
Deficits in Visual Working Memory can affect one's ability to accurately store or act on discrete information that is seen. For example, deficits in this area can make it very difficult to learn words using flash cards.

Modality Processing - Why do we test for this?
Identifying specific difficulties and/or strengths in one or more of the following areas is critical to understand how a person can learn best:

  • Say what is Heard
  • Say what is Seen
  • Write what is Heard
  • Write what is Seen
Visual Perception - Why do we test for this?
Deficits in Visual Perception can affect one's ability to process information that is seen, even if eyes are healthy and acuity is 20/20. For example, deficits in this area can make it difficult to interpret geometry problems or to quickly identify letters that look similar.

Visual-Motor Integration - Why do we test for this?
Deficits in VMI can affect one's ability to write detailed information accurately. For example, copying from the board, lining up math problems, and handwriting may be challenging.

Phonological Awareness - Why do we test for this?
Deficits in this area can make it hard to work with and discriminate among the sounds that make up words (phonemes and syllables). If such deficits are not directly addressed, the ability to read and spell phonetically will be adversely affected.

Sight Word Retention -Why do we test for this?
Deficits in this area can make reading and spelling from memory difficult.

Reading & Spelling -Why do we test for this?
An accurate analysis of reading and spelling of words in isolation is necessary, not only to diagnosis the type and severity of dyslexia that may be present, but also to identify where to begin in the Dyslexia Center of Princeton's Phonics & Fluency Program reading curriculum.

Reading Comprehension, Fluency -Why do we test for this?
An accurate analysis of high-level reading skills are also part of the diagnosis of dyslexia, and are necessary to identify where to begin in the Dyslexia Center of Princeton's Phonics & Fluency Program reading curriculum.


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